Peru produces fruits and vegetables of excellent quality, in counter-season and during the entire year. Their taste, color, and aroma are exquisite. Furthermore, they comply with quality and innocuousness standards.
Peru is an ideal space for the development of countless species of plants and animals. It is one of the places that have contributed to the world’s food supply with more species. Goods that are wholly globalized like the potato and the tomato come from Peru.
Out of the 117 life zones existing in the world, 84 are present in Peruvian territory. And the coast is the only dry tropical area where the weather is stable and has conditions of a natural greenhouse.
Because it is located near the equator, Peruvian soil receives the highest solar intensity on the planet. This allows the development of a more efficient photosynthesis, improves productivity, and raises the quality of crops (size, consistency and taste). This feature also makes it possible for the Peruvian products to arrive in the markets of the Northern Hemisphere before their competitors. Along with the presence of these favorable natural conditions, the Peruvian sector of export agriculture has modernized and its processes equal those of developed countries.
Peruvian products comply with the quality and innocuousness standards required by international clients. Companies are certified with international standards such as ISO, HACCP, TESCO, and Global Gap, among others. Furthermore, they comply with strict norms of good agricultural practices that are under the supervision of the sanitary authorities of their main markets. These efforts are complemented by the continuous perfection of the productive procedures and services through the implementation of state-of-the-art technologies.
Peru has specialized in the cultivation of vegetables and fruits, which are exported both fresh and processed (pulp, frozen, conserved, etc.) to market niches that demand goods of high quality. Thus the training of human resources in activities such as selection and handling is always subject to improvement. Thanks to these advances, Peru is a world leader in the exports of asparagus and paprika, among other premium products.
Peru’s natural conditions and its ancestral agricultural tradition, sustained in the use of techniques that do not alter the environment, are comparative advantages to the export of organic products. Peru has more than 607 thousand hectares certified as organic or in transition, and in 2014, was ranked eighth in the list of countries having the highest number of organic farmers (around 65,126) by the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL). Coffee, banana, and cocoa stand out among the Peruvian organic exports.
Peru owns a high potential for the export of products and services based on its biodiversity, which is one of the richest in the world. Its ecological, social, and economic sustainability respond to the conservation criteria contemplated by the Agreement of Biological Diversity. The most important exports of this kind are tropical nuts, tara, achiote, giant corn, maca, ornamental fish, camu camu, and quinoa.
Main destinations for Peruvian agricultural exports:
– United States
– United Kingdom
– Hong Kong